Research

For an overview of research work done in related to tidal energy in Nova Scotia, you may wish to read:

Specific Studies + Reports:

The following is a list of specific studies, reports, and reviews related to tidal energy research sponsored by FORCE and/or the Offshore Energy Research Association (OERA).

  1. Seasonal Erodibility of Sediment in the Upper Bay of Fundy, Brent Law, Tim Milligan, and Gary Bugden, Fisheries and Oceans Canada and Dr. Paul Hill, Dalhousie University
  2. Impacts of Tidal Energy Extraction on Sediment Dynamics in Minas Basin, Bay of Fundy, NS Peter Smith, & Dr. Yongsheng Wu, Fisheries and Oceans Canada; and Dr. Ryan Mulligan, East Carolina University
  3. Effects of Energy Extraction on Sediment Dynamics in Intertidal Ecosystems of the Minas Basin, Dr. Danika van Proosdij, Saint Mary’s University
  4. Implications of Tidal Energy Extraction on Sedimentary Processes within Shallow Intertidal Environments, Danika van Proosdij, Saint Mary’s University and Dr. Ryan Mulligan, Queen’s University
  5. Assessing fish presence, density and distribution at the FORCE site using hydro-acoustic sonar data Anna Redden, Acadia University & Acadia Tidal Energy Institute
  6. Tidal turbine-striped bass interaction study under test conditions using the Dalhousie Aquatron, Sue Molloy, Dalhousie University
  7. Investigation of the Vertical Distribution, Movement and Abundance of Fish in the Vicinity of Proposed Tidal Power Energy Conversion Devices Norman Cochrane and Dr. Gary Melvin, Fisheries and Oceans Canada
  8. Assessing Marine Mammal Presence in and near the FORCE Lease Area During Winter and Early Spring Anna Redden & Dr. Richard Karsten, Acadia University and Dr. Jason Wood, SMRU Ltd.
  9. In Situ Turbulence Replication Evaluation and Measurement (In-STREAM) Rockland Scientific Inc, Black Rock Tidal Power, FloWave Ocean Energy Research Facility, EMEC, & Dalhousie University
  10. 3-D Acoustic Tracking of Fish, Sediment-Laden Ice and Large Wood Debris in the Minas Passage of the Bay of Fundy Michael Stokesbury and Dr. Anna Redden, Acadia University
  11. Acoustic Tracking of Fish Movements for the Assessment of Effects of Tidal Energy Devices in the Minas Passage Michael Stokesbury and Dr. Anna Redden, Acadia University
  12. Modeling Probability of fish-turbine encounters in the Minas Passage and Assessing Fish DNA Origins, Dr. Anna Redden and Dr. Brian Sanderson Acadia University
  13. Passive Acoustic Monitoring of Cetacean Activity Patterns and Movements Pre- and Post-deployment of TISEC devices in Minas Passage Dominic Tollit, SMRU Ltd and Dr. Anna Redden, Acadia University
  14. Researching Tidal Energy – Marine Life: The Nova Scotia Experience Graham R. Daborn, Fundy Environmental & Educational Consultants
  15. Value Proposition for Tidal Energy Development in Nova Scotia, Atlantic Canada and Canada– Michael Gardner, Gardner Pinfold
  16. Marine Renewable Energy Legislation – A Consultative Process Robert Fournier, Dalhousie University
  17. A Framework for Environmental Risk Assessment and Decision-Making for Tidal Energy Development in Canada Anna Redden, Dr. Graham Daborn and Lisa Isaacman, Acadia University
  18. Characterizing Tidal Flows and Turbine Power Production in Petit Passage using Oceanographic and CFD models Voytek Klaptocz & Timothy Waung, Mavi Innovations Inc., Dr. Richard Karsten, Acadia University; and Greg Trowse, Fundy Tidal Inc.
  19. Turbulence in Grand Passage Nova Scotia: Measures of Intermittency Alex Hay and Justine McMillan, Dalhousie University
  20. Numerical Modeling of Tidal Turbine Behaviour Under Real Turbulent Tidal Flow Conditions Dominic Groulx, Dalhousie University
  21. Advancement of Drifting Platforms for use in Tidal Energy Site Assessment & Environmental Monitoring Gregory Trowse, Fundy Tidal Inc., Dr. Alex Hay, Dalhousie University, Richard Cheel, Dalhousie University, Anne Lombardi, Dalhousie University, Walter Judge, Dalhousie University, Dr. Richard Karsten, Acadia University and Thomas Roc Acadia University
  22. Assessment of the Potential of Tidal Power from Minas Passage and Minas Basin Richard Karsten, Acadia University; Dr. David Greenberg, Fisheries and Oceans Canada; and Michael Tarbottom, Triton Consultants Ltd.
  23. Assessing the Far Field Effects of Tidal Power Extraction on the Bay of Fundy, Gulf of Maine and Scotian Shelf Jinyu Sheng, Dr. Keith Thompson, and Dr. Paul Hill, Dalhousie University; and Dr. David Greenberg, Fisheries and Oceans Canada
  24. Assessment of Hydrodynamic Impacts throughout the Bay of Fundy and Gulf of Maine due to Tidal Energy Extraction by Tidal Lagoons Andrew Cornett, NRC Canadian Hydraulics Centre (CHC)
  25. Near Field Effects of Tidal Power Extraction on Extreme Events and Coastline Integrity in the Bay of Fundy James Warner, Martec Limited
  26. Cross Coupling between Device Level CFD and Oceanographic Models Applied to Multiple TISECs in Minas Passage Voytek Klaptocz, Mavi Innovations Inc., Dr. Curran Crawford, University of Victoria, Clayton Hiles, Cascadia Coast Research and Dr. Richard Karsten, Acadia University
  27. Characterizing Tidal Flows and Turbine Power Production in Petit Passage Using CFD Modeling, Voytek Klaptocz, Mavi Innovations, Dr Richard Karsten, Acadia University, and Greg Trowse, Fundy Tidal Inc.
  28. Tidal Energy Resource Assessment Map for Nova Scotia Richard Karsten, Acadia University
  29. Turbulence and Bottom Stress in Minas Passage and Grand Passage Alex Hay, Dalhousie University
  30. Turbulent Scale and Wake Modeling on a Horizontal Axis Turbine Dominic Groulx and Nicholas Osbourne, Dalhousie University
  31. Testing of Temporal Monitoring Techniques for Benthic Habitat Impacts from Tidal Power Development Craig Brown, McGregor Geoscience Limited.
  32. Community and Business Toolkit for Tidal Energy Development Shelley MacDougall and Dr. John Colton, Acadia University
  33. Community Engagement Strategies & Resource Guide to Support Small-Scale Tidal Power in Nova Scotia John Colton, Acadia University
  34. Scoping Study on Socio-Economic Impacts of Tidal Energy Development in Nova Scotia: A Research Synthesis & Priorities for Future Action Alan Howell and Carrie Drake, Acadia University
  35. Development of High Performance Tidal Turbine Composite Blades Darrel Doman and Robynne Murray, Dalhousie University; with Katie Gracie, University of Strathclyde
  36. GIS Map Platform Atlas – Phase One (2013): An Enabling Initiative for the Emerging Tidal Energy Industry, Anna Redden, Dr. Richard Karsten & Meghan Swanburg, Acadia University, Joel Culina, Fundy Ocean Research Center for Energy (FORCE), and Bob Covill, TekMap Consulting
  37. Tidal Energy Infrastructure Needs Assessment, Phase Two, Allswater Engineering Consulting.
  38. GIS Map Platform Atlas Phase Two (2016): An Enabling Initiative for the Emerging Tidal Energy Industry, Anna Redden, Dr. Richard Karsten & Meghan Swanburg, Acadia University, Joel Culina, Fundy Ocean Research Center for Energy (FORCE), and Bob Covill, TekMap Consulting
  39. Observations of Marine Mammals in the Petit Passage and Grand Passage, NS and Adjacent Waters in the Eastern Bay of Fundy to Assess Species Composition, Distribution, Number and Seasonality Greg Trowse, Fundy Tidal Inc; Dr. Moira Brown, Canadian Whale Institute; and Brad Whinney, ConserveIO
  40. Small Scale In-Stream Tidal Technology Assessment, Stantec Consulting Ltd.
  41. Atlantic Sturgeon Spatial and Temporal Distribution in Minas Passage, Nova Scotia, Canada, a Region of Future Tidal Energy Extraction Michael J. W. Stokesbury, Laura M. Logan-Chesney, Montana F. McLean, Colin F. Buhariwalla, Anna M. Redden, Jeffrey W. Beardsall, Jeremy E. Broome, Michael J. Dadswell
  42. Mi’kmaq Ecological Knowledge Study (MEKS) Phase One – Bay of Fundy, including the Fundy Tidal Energy Demonstration Project Site, Membertou Geomatics Consultants
  43. Mi’kmaq Ecological Knowledge Study (MEKS) Phase Two – Bay of Fundy- including the Outer Bay of Fundy Tidal Energy Project Site, Membertou Geomatics Consultants
  44. Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) 2008 for Bay of Fundy – Phase One – Background Report, Jacques Whitford
  45. Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) 2008 for Bay of Fundy – Phase One – Consultation Report, OEER & Mueke Consulting
  46. Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) UPDATE for Bay of Fundy 2014 – PART A – Background Report, AECOM
  47. Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) UPDATE for Bay of Fundy 2014 – PART B Community Response & Consultation Report, AECOM
  48. Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) 2013 Cape Breton – Background Report – AECOM
  49. Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) 2013 Cape Breton – Community Response & Consultation Report, Stantec Consulting
  50. Southwest Nova Scotia Tidal Energy Resource Assessment Alex Hay, Dalhousie University; Dr. Richard Karsten, Acadia University; Dr. Tim Webster, NSCC; and Dana Morin, Fundy Tidal Inc.
  51. Cape Breton Resource Assessment Alex Hay, Dalhousie University and Dr. Bruce Hatcher, Cape Breton University.
  52. Research Study on First Nations Fisheries, (to support Bay of Fundy SEA 2008), Atlantic Policy Congress of First Nations Chiefs,
  53. Citizen Engagement and models for Community Benefit from Energy Development, (to support Bay of Fundy SEA 2008), Bay of Fundy Resource Centre (to support Bay of Fundy SEA 2008)
  54. Tele-learning session with rural communities, (to support Bay of Fundy SEA 2008), Bay of Fundy Resource Centre.
  55. Research on integrated resource management in the Bay of Fundy Region, (to support Bay of Fundy SEA 2008), Ecology Action Centre
  56. Secondary research on submerged ice, (to support Bay of Fundy SEA 2008) Sanders Resource Management Inc.
  57. Documenting Fleet activities and catches to collect traditional knowledge, (to support Bay of Fundy SEA 2008), Scotia Fundy Mobile Gear Fisherman’s Association
  58. The Case of the Flint Island Channel, Port Morien, (to support the Cape Breton SEA 2013), Atlantic Coastal Action Plan
  59. Incorporating Traditional Ecological Knowledge (TEK) into Natural Resource Development and Conservation Projects, (to support the Cape Breton SEA 2013)

 FORCE Environmental Effects Monitoring Report (2011-2013):

  1. Appendix A: Seabird and Marine Mammal Surveys (2011), Envirosphere Consultants Limited
  2. Appendix B: Seabird and Marine Mammal Surveys (2012), Envirosphere Consultants Limited
  3. Appendix C: Passive Acoustic Monitoring of Cetacean Activity and Movement in Minas Passage: Pre-Turbine Baseline Conditions (2011-2012), Dr. Dominic Tollit, Dr. Anna Redden
  4. Appendix D: Acoustic Tracking of Fish Movements in the Minas Passage and FORCE Demonstration Area: Pre-turbine Baseline Studies (2011-2013), Redden, AM, MJW Stokesbury, JE Broome, FM Keyser, AJF Gibson, EA Halfyard, MF McLean, R Bradford, MJ Dadswell, B Sanderson and R Karsten
  5. Appendix E: 2013 Investigation of Temporal Patterns in Fish Presence and Abundance at Intertidal Weirs in Minas Basin, Bay of Fundy, Matthew Baker, Monica Reed and Anna M. Redden
  6. Appendix F: Minas Passage Lobster Tracking Study (2011-2012), Kaycee Morrison, Jeremy Broome, and Anna M. Redden
  7. Appendix G: Acoustic (Noise) Monitoring in the Bay of Fundy, JASCO Applied Sciences
  8. Appendix H: Bottom Substrate and Associated Epi benthic Biota of the FORCE Tidal Energy Test Site in Minas Passage, Kaycee J. Morrison and Anna M. Redden
  9. Appendix I: Assessment of Potential Ecosystem Effects from Electromagnetic Fields, CEF Consultants Ltd.

 FORCE Environmental Effects Monitoring Report (2011):

  1. Appendix C: Seabird and Marine Mammal Survey, Envirosphere Consultants Limited
  2. Appendix D: Marine Mammal Detection, Dominic Tollit, Jason Wood, Jeremy Broome and Anna Redden
  3. Appendix E: Lobster Surveys Final Report, CEF Consultants Ltd
  4. Appendix F: Fish Migration Literature Review, Michael J. Dadswell
  5. Appendix G: Drift Net Report, M. Brylinsky
  6. Appendix H: Fish Surveys, CEF Consultants Ltd.
  7. Appendix I: Fish Tracking, Anna Redden, Jeremy Broome, Mike Stokesbury (Acadia University) in partnership with Ocean Tracking Network and Fisheries & Oceans Canada
  8. Appendix J: Side Scan Sonar Survey, Gordon Fader (Atlantic Marine Geological Consulting Limited) in conjunction with Seaforth Geosurveys Inc.
  9. Appendix K: Suspended Sediment Monitoring, Envirosphere Consultants Limited

 Environmental Assessment Registration Document:

  1. Appendix 3: Geology, Bathymetry, Ice and Seismic Conditions (Fader 2009)
  2. Appendix 4: Benthic Communities (Envirosphere 2009)
  3. Appendix 5: Currents in Minas Basin (Oceans Ltd. 2009)
  4. Appendix 6: Physical Oceanography (Envirosphere 2009)
  5. Appendix 7: Marine Seabirds and Marine Mammals (Envirosphere 2009)
  6. Appendix 8: Terrestrial and Intertidal Environments (Envirosphere 2009)
  7. Appendix 9: Commercial Fisheries Studies-Phase I and Phase II (CEF Consultants Ltd., 2008, 2009)
  8. Appendix 10: Archaeological Assessment (Davis Archaeological Consultants Ltd., 2008)
  9. Appendix 12: Marine Transportation Study (Gartner Lee Ltd. 2008)

Environmental Assessment Addendum (2010):

  1. Appendix C: Wetland Delineation for Fundy Tidal Power Demonstration Site – Shore Facility (Marbicon Inc. 2010)
  2. Appendix D: Botanical Survey, Fundy Tidal Power Demonstration Site – Shore Facility (Marbicon Inc. 2009)
  3. Appendix E: Terrestrial Bird Survey, Minas Passage Tidal Demonstration Site – Shore Facilities and Cable Landfall, June – September 2009 (Envirosphere Consultants Ltd. 2009a)
  4. Appendix F: Seabed Video and Photographic Surveys
    – Nearshore Cable Route Stations (Envirosphere Consultants Ltd. 2010a)
    – Berth A and Cable Route (Envirosphere Consultants Ltd. 2010b)
    – Berth B and Cable Route (Envirosphere Consultants Ltd. 2010c)
    – Berth C and Cable Route (Envirosphere Consultants Ltd. 2009b)
  5. Appendix G: Oceanographic Survey, Oceanographic Measurements – Salinity, Temperature & Turbidity, Minas Passage Study Site, August 2008 – March 2009 (Envirosphere Consultants Ltd. 2009c)
  6. Appendix H: Marine Mammal and Seabird Surveys, Tidal Energy Demonstration Site – Minas Passage, 2009 (Envirosphere Consultants Ltd. 2009d)
  7. Appendix J: Fundy Tidal Energy Demonstration Project, Lobster Catch Monitoring, Analysis and Results from Two Fall Surveys: September 25 – October 3 and November 5 – 18, 2009 (CEF Consultants Ltd. 2010)

 ADDITIONAL REPORTS + NOTICES RELATED TO ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT APPROVAL

    1. Environmental Assessment Registration Document
    2. Appendix 1: Federal – Provincial Environmental Assessment Agreement
    3. Appendix 2: Device Plans and Scaled Drawings
    4. Environmental Assessment Addendum (2010)
    5. Appendix A: Provincial Conditions of Environmental Assessment Approval (September 15, 2009)
    6. Appendix B: Letter to NSE regarding changes to the Project
    7. FORCE Environmental Effects Monitoring Plan (EEMP) – 2016
    8. Environmental Monitoring Advisory Committee (EMAC) Recommendations re: FORCE EEMP
    9. Consultant’s Report [SLR Consulting (Canada) Ltd.]
    10. DFO Review of the Environmental Effects Monitoring Program for the Tidal Energy Project (2016)
    11. NSE EEMP Recommendations (June 2016)
    12. DFO EEMP Recommendations (June 2016)
    13. FORCE Environmental Effects Monitoring Report (2011)
    14. Appendix A: Environmental Impact Predictions
    15. Appendix B: NSPI Deployment and Recovery, Nova Scotia Power Inc.
    16. DFO Review of FORCE EEM
    17. FORCE Response to DFO
    18. FORCE Environmental Effects Monitoring Report (2011-2013)
    19. FORCE Research + Monitoring Programs 2008-2013

112 reports [93 studies, 19 related reports + notices]

 

ADDITIONAL MATERIAL (non-FORCE/OERA)

  1. Annex IV State of the Science Report: Environmental Effects of Marine Renewable Energy Development Around the World
  2. Tidal Energy Public Perception Study I (Corporate Research Associates)
  3. Tidal Energy Public Perception Study II (Corporate Research Associates)
  4. 2015 Environmental Monitoring Report – ORPC Cobscook Bay Tidal Energy Project
  5. 2011 SeaGen Enviromental Monitoring Program Final Report