Since 2009, FORCE has been conducting an environmental effects monitoring program (EEMP) to better understand the natural environment of the Minas Passage and the potential effects of turbines as related to fish, seabirds, marine mammals, lobster, marine noise, benthic habitat, and other environmental variables. All reports are available online.

FORCE’s present EEMP was developed in consultation with SLR Consulting (Canada), and strengthened by review and contributions by national and international experts and scientists, provincial and federal regulators, and FORCE’s environmental monitoring advisory committee (EMAC). The EEMP is designed to:

  • monitor the environmental effects of operating turbines;
  • focus on five subject areas: lobsters, fish, marine mammals, seabirds, and marine noise; and
  • be adaptive, based on monitoring results and input from regulators and EMAC.

International monitoring summary: State of the Science Report (2016)


NEW: Environmental Effects Monitoring Q2 2019 Report (Apr 1 – Jun 31)

Environmental Effects Monitoring Q1 2019 Report (Jan 1 – March 31)

Environmental Effects Monitoring 2018 Annual Report (report only)
Appendix 1: Cape Sharp Tidal Venture Monitoring Program Update
Appendix 2: Lobster Catchability Study Report
Appendix 3: FORCE Marine Mammal EEMP 2nd Year Monitoring Report
Appendix 4: Marine Seabirds Monitoring Program Report
Appendix 5: Acoustic Data Analysis of the OpenHydro Open Center Turbine at FORCE

Environmental Effects Monitoring Q3 2018 Report (Jul 1 – Sept 30)
Environmental Effects Monitoring Q2 2018 Report (Apr 1 – Jun 30)
Environmental Effects Monitoring Q1 2018 (Jan 1-Mar 31)
Regulator Feedback on 2018 EEMP

Environmental Effects Monitoring Q4 – Annual Report: Oct 1 – Dec 31, 2017
Appendix 1: FORCE Marine Fish Monitoring Program – University of Maine
Appendix 2: FORCE Marine Seabirds Monitoring Program – Envirosphere
Appendix 3: FORCE Marine Mammal EEMP – SMRU
Environmental Effects Monitoring Program Quarterly Report: July 1 – Sept 30, 2017
Environmental Effects Monitoring Program Quarterly Report: Apr 1- June 30, 2017
Environmental Effects Monitoring Program Quarterly Report: January 1 – March 31, 2017

FORCE Environmental Effects Monitoring Plan (EEMP) – March 2016
Environmental Monitoring Advisory Committee (EMAC) Recommendations re: FORCE EEMP – March 2016
Consultant’s Report [SLR Consulting (Canada) Ltd.] – June 2015
DFO Review of the Environmental Effects Monitoring Program for the Tidal Energy Project (2016)
NSE Recommendation Letter June 20 2016
DFO EEMP Recommendation Letter  June 20 2016

FORCE Environmental Effects Monitoring Report (2011-2013)
Appendix A: Seabird and Marine Mammal Surveys (2011)
Appendix B: Seabird and Marine Mammal Surveys (2012)
Appendix C: Passive Acoustic Monitoring of Cetacean Activity and Movement in Minas Passage: Pre-Turbine Baseline Conditions (2011-2012)
Appendix D: Acoustic Tracking of Fish Movements in the Minas Passage and FORCE Demonstration Area: Pre-turbine Baseline Studies (2011-2013)
Appendix E: 2013 Investigation of Temporal Patterns in Fish Presence and Abundance at Intertidal Weirs in Minas Basin, Bay of Fundy
Appendix F: Minas Passage Lobster Tracking Study (2011-2012)
Appendix G: Acoustic (Noise) Monitoring in the Bay of Fundy
Appendix H: Bottom Substrate and Associated Epibenthic Biota of the FORCE Tidal Energy Test Site in Minas Passage
Appendix I: Assessment of Potential Ecosystem Effects from Electromagnetic Fields

The full 2011-2013 EEMP report with all appendices (as a single document) exceeds our upload limit. It may be obtained via file transfer by emailing

FORCE Environmental Effects Monitoring Report (2011)
Appendix A: Environmental Impact Predictions
Appendix B: NSPI Deployment and Recovery
Appendix C: Seabird and Marine Mammal Survey
Appendix D: Marine Mammal Detection
Appendix E: Lobster Surveys Final Report
Appendix F: Fish Migration Literature Review
Appendix G: Drift Net Report
Appendix H: Fish Surveys
Appendix I: Fish Tracking
Appendix J: Side Scan Sonar Survey
Appendix K: Suspended Sediment Monitoring

Environmental Effect Monitoring Report (2011) (including appendices)

FORCE Response to DFO